G.R.A.S.P.

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Why a G.R.A.S.P Badge?

Whether you are constructing performance assessment tasks, project design units or other inquiry lessons when you follow the G.R.A.S.P construct you will be led to create authentic and relevant learning opportunities for students.

What is G.R.A.S.P?

An authentic assessment design model to help you develop performance tasks, project units and/or inquiry lessons.

There are five parts to the G.R.A.S.P. model:

  • Goal – The Goal provides the student with the outcome of the learning experience and the contextual purpose of the experience and product creation.
  • Role – The Role is meant to provide the student with the position or individual persona that they will become to accomplish the goal of the performance task. The majority of roles found within the tasks provide opportunities for students to complete real-world applications of standards-based content.
  • Audience – The Audience is the individual(s) who are interested in the findings and products that have been created. These people will make a decision based upon the products and presentations created by the individual(s) assuming the role within the performance task.
  • Situation – The Situation provides the participants with a contextual background for the task. Students will learn about the real-world application for the performance task
  • Product – The Products within each task are designed using the multiple intelligences. The products provide various opportunities for students to demonstrate understanding. Based upon each individual learner and/or individual class, the educator can make appropriate instructional decisions for product development.

These five parts come together to form an authentic assessment that includes a(n) essential question to share with students.


Why Essential Questions?

One meaning of “essential” involves important questions that recur throughout one’s life. A question that is relevant or has purpose for students.

Every performance assessment task, project design unit or inquiry lesson will include a few essential questions.

What is an Essential Question?


An essential question is a type of question to ask your students to promote advanced thinking. The seven following guidelines will help you to begin understanding what makes an Essential Question.

  1. Is open-ended; that is, it typically will not have a single, final, and correct answer.
  2. Is thought-provoking and intellectually engaging, often sparking discussion and debate.
  3. Calls for higher-order thinking, such as analysis, inference, evaluation, prediction. It cannot be effectively answered by recall alone.
  4. Points toward important, transferable ideas within (and sometimes across) disciplines.
  5. Raises additional questions and sparks further inquiry.
  6. Requires support and justification, not just an answer.
  7. Recurs over time; that is, the question can and should be revisited again and again.

These guidelines were taken from the article linked below.  Take the time to read through this article, which will thoroughly explain the idea of an Essential Question, with plenty of examples and ideas that will help when modifying your performance task later.

Article: Essential Questions

Ways to Incorporate G.R.A.S.P design into Teaching & Learning

How will I can use www.definedstem.com to help me earn my G.R.A.S.P badge?

Defined Stem is a site that includes a tool for constructing Performance Tasks that incorporate the G.R.A.S.P model. The site has a network of performance tasks for all grade levels that you can use and modify to practice using the G.R.A.S.P model as part of your tasks. These tasks include resources like articles and videos for both you and your students that make learning the G.R.A.S.P model easy and fun.

Why will the G.R.A.S.P model help my students?

Watch this video to see the G.R.A.S.P model from the student perspective.

Common Core Connections

Check out the standards grid within the Defined Stem website. CCSS, NGSS, NCSS, CST – or you will be able to add your own.

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Earn Your Badge

In order to earn this badge, you must complete the two steps below.

2 Required Steps